Kepentingan Indonesia dalam Pengelolaan Perikanan Laut Bebas
Nowadays fisheries issue is becoming more important, especially for the coastal state that heavily depends on their fishing industry. The high seas are common property, but then the fisheries activities on the high seas should be governed properly, otherwise, it will not meet the best interest of the world society, including the fishing industrial state and mere coastal state. The United Nations on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982, has designed this issue properly in its stipulations regarding the conservation of the marine living resources. It has an implementing agreement that called UNIA 1995, that has been enacted to deal with the issue of fisheries conservation and sustainable use of fisheries, especially those of straddling and highly migratory species, such as tuna and of straddling and highly migratory species, such as tuna like fish. The FAO is also playing a big role in achieving this aim, by initiating the agreement called FAO Compliance Agreement 1993. The regional arrangements have also been made, such as IOTC and CCSBT. This article tries to point out the fisheries management on the high seas and Indonesian interest to increase its role to manage and exploit high seas fisheries.
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