Indonesia Dalam Kerjasama Perikanan Tangkap Regional: tinjauan Aspek Dasar Kesiapan dan Implementasinya Dewasa Ini

Darmawan Darmawan


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17304/ijil.vol2.3.95

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Abstract


Being strategically located between the Indian and the Pacific Ocean, Indonesia is richly endowed by natural resources. Those resources especially fish attracts neighboring states as well as distant-fishing vessels to come and exploit it. With the sovereign rights provided by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (UNCLOS 1982). Indonesia has the obligation to sustainably manage fisheries resources within its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). On the other hand, the very same convention stipulated that in managing the resources sustainably, the coastal state and competent international organizations, whether sub regional, regional or global shall cooperate to this end.
This paper describes the state of readiness of the Government of Indonesia, notably the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to face the challenge of global cooperation. Certain aspects have been observed which include status of data and information, existing maritime boundary lines, complicity of national law and regulation, preparedness of law enforcement and diplomation savvy. Indonesian stance on several international conventions was also discussed. Furthermore, the paper depicts current practice of the Government of Indonesia in dealing with parties interested in its resources.




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