INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION ON MARINE ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION OF OIL POLLUTION FROM VESSEL (A STUDY OF STRAITS MALACCA AND SINGAPORE)

Nadia Nurani Isfarin, Marsudi Triatmodjo


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17304/ijil.vol12.4.619

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Abstract


This research is proposed to answer three problem. First, the rules of international law in the
protection of the marine environment from oil pollution originating from vessel. Second, efforts were
made by the three littoral countries cooperation in preventing, reducing and controlling oil pollution
originating from vessel in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Third, the role of the government
of Indonesia in prevention, reduce and control oil pollution originating from vessel in the Straits of
Malacca and Singapore. This research is normative research using qualitative research methods. The
research approach using statute approach and case approach. The results of this research shows that
international law has been comprehensively regulate the protection of the marine environment from
pollution by oil originating ships: the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
1982, The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ship (MARPOL) 73/78,
International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness 1980, the Civil Liability Convention for Oil
Damage (CLC) 1992 and the Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for
Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND) 1992. Second, Indonesia, Malaysia and
Singapore as states bordering the straits cooperate with other stakeholders (user states, user
industries, IMO, NGOs) have established a cooperation mechanism in the form of cooperative
forums, project coordination committee and the Aids to Navigation Fund. Third, Indonesia through its
laws and regulations have ensured the prevention, reduction and control of oil pollution originating
from vessel through Act No. 17 of 2008 on Shipping, Government Regulation No. 21 of 2010 on
the Protection of Maritime Environment, and Presidential Decree No. 109 in 2006 on Disaster
Emergency Due to Oil Spill in the ocean.


Keywords


Marine environment, Malacca-Singapore Strait, oil pollution, MARPOL 73/78, CLC 1992, FUND 1992



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