THE CONCEPTION OF HISTORIC SHIPWRECKS OWNERSHIP IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW

Meike Rachmana


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17304/ijil.vol12.3.610

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Abstract


Technology development pushed forward an access to underwater cultural heritage. Diving tools
development makes an access to deeper part of sea accessible. This access not only used by researcher
and archeology but also by treasure hunter and historical shipwrecks treasure seekers. These events
lead the interested party to explore the sea for valuable things. One of them is historic shipwrecks
which contain historical, archaeological or economic value. The significance of this historic
shipwrecks leads to an issue about ownership. The ownership claims of historical shipwrecks tis
starting to become a global issue after the occurrence of jurisdiction clash among the Flag-state
country, Finder, Coastal state, or state origin of the cargo. Therefore, it is important to understand
the issue further by exploring the conception on regulation of historic shipwrecks at international
level through international convention, at national level through its regulation and practice in several
countries and also the regulation and practice in Indonesia.


Keywords


historic shipwrecks, underwater cultural heritage, ownership, flag state, coastal state.



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