Some Reflections on ‘the Future We Want’: Is the’Sustainable Development’ Paradigm as a Guarantor of Ecological Security Under Serious Threat?

Luther Rangreji


Full Text:



The Rio+20 Declaration on the “Future We Want”, is a political document that conveys the aspirations of the international community and provides a blueprint for a programmatic action to ensure sustainable development for the future. The six sections which the “Future we Want” focusses are:
a shared common vision; renewing political commitment; green economy; institutional framework for strengthening sustainable development; framework for action; and means of implementation.
For reasons of felicity the paper is divided into the following sections: (i) the general conceptual framework of sustainable development; (ii) Right to Development and eradication of poverty; (iii) Role of Green economy in guaranteeing sustainable development; (iv) Financial resources and transfer of technology; (v) Roadmap for the Future of sustainable development. The paper will endeavour to investigate the ‘sustainability of sustainable development paradigm’ based on two critical themes,
namely: (a) whether the paradigm of ‘sustainable development’ that guarantees ecological security is under a serious threat, as was evident from the attitudes of developed countries at the Rio+20 Conference; and (b) possible solutions, based on the principles of common but differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) and equity which are imperative to sustain and further strengthen the existing international legal order by consolidation of principles of ‘solidarity’ and international cooperation
among all countries, to be able to achieve sustainable development for preservation of planet Earth
and future generations.


Books and articles

Barnett, Jon. The Meaning of Environmental Security: Ecological Politics and

Policy in the New Security Era. London, 2001

Bedjauoui, Mohammad. New International Economic Order. UNESCO, Paris,

Brown Weiss, Edith. Intergenerational Equity. Entry, in 5 Max Planck Encyclopaedia of Public International Law 287-294, Rüdiger Wolfrum ed., Oxford, 2012

Churchill, R.R.and Lowe, Vaughan. The Law of the Sea. Manchester, 2009

Dato’ Seri Dr Mahathir bin Mohammad, speech at the official opening of the Second Ministerial Conference of Developing Countries on Environment and Development, Kuala Lumpur, on Monday, 27 April 1992

Desai, Bharat. Institutionalizing International Environmental Law. New York 2004

Drexhage, John and Murphy, Deborah. “Sustainable Development: From

Brundtland to Rio 2012”, Background Paper. International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) for consideration by the High Level Panel on Global Sustainability at its first meeting, 19 September 2010,United Nations Headquarters

Friedman, Wolfgang. The Changing Structure of International Law. London, 1964

Guruswamy, L.D. Legal Control of Land-based Sea Pollution. London, 1982

Jenks, Wilfred. Common Law of Mankind, London, 1958

Koskeniemmi, M. Fragmentation of International Law, Final Report to UNGA, doc.A/RES/61/34, December 2006

Pardo, Arvid. “Ocean Space and Mankind”. Third World Quarterly, vol.6 (3), 1984, pp. 559-572

Rafalowicz Alex. “No agreement and deep division on ‘green economy”, Third World Network, 6 June 2012.

Rajamani, L. ‘From Berlin to Bali and Beyond: Killing Kyoto Softly’ (2008)

vol.57, International Comparative Law Quarterly, pp. 909–939

Rajamani, Lavanya. The Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibility and the Balance of Commitments under the Climate Regime. 9 RECIEL 120 (2000)

Sands, Philippe and Peel, Jacqueline. Principles of International Environmental Law. 1992

Shue, Henry. “Subsistence Emissions and Luxury Emissions”. Law and Policy, vol.15, 1993

St. John, Ronald MacDonald, and Johnston, Douglas M. (eds), Towards World Constitutionalism: Issues in the Legal Ordering of the World Community. Leiden, 2012

Speech titled “Man and Environment” was delivered at the Plenary Session of United Nations Conference on Human Environment Stockholm 14th June, 1972,

Economic Times, New Delhi, 4 June 2012

Economic Times, 21 June 2012


International Law Reports (1957)

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or their Transboundary Fluxes 2001 UNTS 187 (1991)

The Large Combustion Plant Directive, 88/609/EEC

Trail Smelter Arbitration (USA v. Canada), United Nations Register on

International Arbitral Awards (UNRIAA) vol.3, (1938/1941)

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of International Law is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.