The ASEAN Political-Security Community: Asean Security Cooperation on Combating Transnational Crimes and Transboundary Challenges

Adi Kusumaningrum


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17304/ijil.vol11.1.268

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Abstract


The Asean Security Community (ASC) is a framework to facilitate political and security cooperation in ASEAN. The ASC is a framework based on the idea of comprehensive security with the strategic thrusts of conflict prevention, peaceful conflict resolution, and post-conflict peace building. A framework of this nature represents one of the ultimate goals of ASEAN, which has achieved a record of political cooperation since its inauguration. All nations of Southeast Asia except Timor Leste are now members of ASEAN. There are any ASEAN’s Security Challenges, such as old and new insurgencies - southern Philippines, southern Thailand, Myanmar, West Papua, political uncertainty and instability - Myanmar, Thailand, inter-state disputes and tensions - Thai-Cambodia border, South China Sea conflict, power shift and great power rivalry - China/US, China-India, China-Japan, and transnational/non- traditional security threats – terrorism, transboundary haze, maritime piracy, pandemics, transnational crime, drug trafficking, people smuggling, natural disasters). This paper disscuss abaut security cooperation in ASEAN and some achievements of ASEAN as regional organization on combating transnational crimes and transboundary challenges.

Komunitas Keamanan ASEAN (ASC) merupakan sebuah pedoman untuk memfasilitasi kerjasama di bidang politik dan keamanan di ASEAN. ASC merupakan pedoman yang didasarkan pada ide keamanan menyeluruh dengan cara penceghan konflik, penyelesaian kondlik secara menyeluruh,
dan upaya damai pasca konflik. Pedoman jenis ini merepresentasikan salah satu tujuan tertinggi ASEAN, yaitu untuk mencapai kerjasama politik semenjak pembentukannya, Semua negara-negara Asia Tenggara kecuali Timor Leste merupakan anggota-anggota ASEAN. Meskipun begitu dilansir dari media berita nasional terkini , terdapat tantangan keamanan yang dimiliki oleh ASEAN, misalnya pemberontakan lama dan baru – Filipina Selatan, Thailand Selatan, Myanmar, Papua Barat, ketidakpastian dan ketidakstabilan politik –
Myanmar, Thailand, sengketa-sengketa dan tekanan antar negara-negara anggota – Perbatasan Thailand-Kamboja, konflik Laut Cina Selatan, pergantian kekuasaan dan persaingan kekuasaan– Cina/Amerika Serikat, Cina-India, Cina-Jepang, dan ancaman-ancaman keamanan – terorisme,
ketidakjelasan perbatasan, pembajakan di laut, wabah pandemic, kejahatan-kejahatan transnasional, penyelundupan obat-obatan terlarang, penyelundupan manusia, bencana alam. Tulisan ini akan
membahas mengenai kerja sama keamanan di ASEAN dan beberapa keberhasilan yang telah diraih ASEAN sebagai organisasi regional dalam memberantas kejahatan-kejahatan transnasional dan tantangan antar perbatasan.


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