Development Toward the Adoption of the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
On November 25, 2009, during its governing conference in Rome, the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) approved a new
treaty aimed at closing fishing ports to ships involved in illegal, unreported,
and unregulated (IUU) fishing. This article is designed to give an illustration
on the development of efforts by the international community as a response
to the problems brought by IUU fishing practices. It will start with a
description on the background, then on port state control. It will then be
followed with an anlysis of the international legal basis for port state
jurisdiction. The next part will discuss the case of IUU fishing, and finally on
the FAO Model Scheme on Port State Measures to Combat IUU Fishing, and
the recent Agreement on Port State Measures.
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