Human Rights in The Perspective of Islamic Law
Islam is one of the world’s religions which strongly emphasize the
enforcement and protection of human rights. This is reflected in the objectives of Islamic law, namely, human happiness in the world and in the Hereafter by taking everything that is useful and rejecting what is detrimental. There is a very principled distinction between human rights in Islamic legal thought with human rights in Western legal thought (Europe, mainly United States). Differences occurred because Western thought looks at human rights merely anthropocentric, ie, man-centered. With that thought human beings are prioritized, regardless of human affairs of God. Conversely, the view of Islamic law is teosentris, meaning that it is centered on God. Humans are important, but more important is Allah. Center of all things is Allah. This view became one of the factors that cause people to misunderstand Islam
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