Human Rights in Context of the Historical Non-Aligned Countries’ Debates on Universalism and Cultural Relativism, and Current Human Rights Development in Indonesia

Prof. Satya Arinanto


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Human rights issue was born as a result from Nazi Era by the occurrence of Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Human rights are meant to be universal by definition. The non-aligned countries generally consider human rights as western concept. The writer in this article is questioned whether or not other cultures have a concept of human rights. If they have a certain concept of human rights, the next question is whether or not it resembles that of the Universal Declaration. The writer finds it still difficult to build a bridge between universality and relativity of human rights concepts. Finally, the writer concludes that cultural relativity is real and an undeniable fact.

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