Kewenangan Perwakilan RI di Luar Negeri
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations has become universal declaration for its jurisdiction system and has been ratified by all nations in the world reciprocity principle has become the major drive in enabling all parties to exercise the convention. In the establishment of diplomatic relations between states, all states represent as the sending state as well as the receiving state for diplomatic missions. Therefore, each state will grant additional privileges, immunities, and protection to all diplomatic agents assign in the receiving state. The rising number of states and international organizations influenced the diplomatis mission in its relations and interaction with state actors in the receiving state. Hence, the functions of a diplomatic mission consist of representing, negotiating, protecting, promoting and ascertaining as well as reporting all aspects (economic, politic and socio-culture aspects). The recent agenda is to protect Indonesia’s citizens and legal entities, particularly concerning Indonesia labour and its citizen by politcally, humanitarian and legally approaches. The Act No. 37 Years 1999 on Indoensian Foreign Relations has become guidance for Department of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia to protect its citizen abroad. The establishment of the Directorate of Protection of Indonesian Citizens and Legal Entitites is a concrete step in order to protect Indonesia’s citizens and legal entities as Government effort and commitment to reshape diplomatic missions’ image to be a home for all Indonesian citizen.
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